Rewinding Machine Structure - Control Performance Indicators
The rewinder is the last process in the papermaking process. The performance of the rewinder determines the quality of the finished paper roll. A complete rewinder must have the following properties:
1. Adjusting mechanism of pressure of the platen roller
2, support roller torque program control
3. Tension adjustment mechanism
4. Electric drive "flexible" start and proper speed program control.
Design and application of constant tension and load distribution control for winder---
2Rewinder control research status at home and abroad
Rewinding machine is an important papermaking machine. It is usually installed behind the paper machine. Its speed should be 2-3 times of the speed of the paper machine, generally 1500-1800m/min, up to 300om/min. When threading, run at a maximum speed of 1:100. In order to ensure continuous paper and loose paper during the rewinding process, the tension of the paper web must be kept constant; in order to ensure the tight and loose quality inside the finished paper, the load distribution of the front and rear bottom roller motors must be performed. Therefore, the main performance requirements of the rewinder for the electric drive system are long-term linear speed, adjustable speed and wide speed range, and fast response.
The control of the early rewinder is mainly based on DC drive, and the DC control system is composed of discrete components or analog regulators to realize the above control functions. Since the transmission of analog signals requires a one-to-one physical connection, the signal changes slowly, which increases the overhead of computer speed and accuracy, and the anti-interference ability of signal transmission is poor, and paper breakage and wrinkling often occur in the production process. So in the mid-to-late 1980s, the analog regulator was replaced by a digital regulator, and the DC digital control system of the winder appeared. This control system is more stable, reliable and suitable for maintenance than the analog system, and is more suitable for interface with the factory computer. In the mid-1990s, most of the newly-invested rewinders in the domestic paper industry used all-digital DC-speed converters produced abroad, and the more famous ones were the 6RA7O series from Siemens and the 590 series DC-speed converters from Continental Transmission.
Due to the DC motor commutator and the brush, under the stable conditions, the design speed of the winder can only reach 1800m/mni, and the accuracy of the digital regulator is still limited to about 0.08% of the maximum speed, which can not meet the high speed paper. The matching requirements of the machine (the speed of the winder should be 2-3 times the speed of the paper machine). In the early 1980s, European and Japanese developed AC variable frequency speed control devices. This technology was successfully introduced to the United States in the mid-1980s and used in rewinders. The biggest advantage of the AC drive is that the AC motor is simple in construction and reliable in operation, and it requires much less maintenance and repair than DC motors.
Belt rewinding machine design and working principle ---
3. Platen roller power:
A motor that drives the platen roller by a timing belt drive is mounted on the platen roller beam. The coupling between the individual bearings of the platen roller ensures that the speed of each combined reel is the same. The speed of each part of the platen roller is the same during operation.
Platen roller photocell:
There is a photocell at the end of the platen roller beam. If the paper or any other obstacle enters the photocell illumination area, the photocell signal will immediately stop the downward movement of the platen roller. During operation, the photocell's monitoring paper does not wrap around the platen roller. If something happens, the photoelectric signal activates the alarm to stop the rewind.
2- top core head
3- drive motor
4- positioning stop pin
5- Safety lock in the top core lock
The core between the drums is locked before the rewinding process begins. Keep the paper roll in place during the running of the paper core locking process.
The core lock device includes a paper core plug, a cone, and a sleeve. The core of the paper core is fixed in a core seat that can be vertically up and down and can reduce friction. The core of the paper core is supported by the upper bearing of the cone, so it rotates freely. The locking of the core and the upward movement of the core locking device are done hydraulically. The vertically moving hydraulic cylinder supports the weight of the core collet so that the home can rise as the diameter of the paper roll increases. The change in the slit width is adjusted with the help of the hydraulic transfer knob. The paper core collet has a relatively low position on the locating pin. As the paper core model changes, the latch and the paper roll chuck must change. The core collet structure has a shock absorber that is lowered onto the positioning stop pin at the core of the paper core. The safety lock has a compressed air cylinder open.
Before the rewinding begins, the collet is knocked into the paper core. The locking cylinder of the operating side core collet has a locking pressure that is less than the drive side. If the core is too long, the operating side cylinder will retract. As the size of the paper roll continues to increase, the paper core collet moves with the paper roll, preventing the paper roll from moving laterally.
Before the paper roll is pushed away from the winder, the paper core chuck is unlocked and moved to the upper position. The appropriateness of the width of the paper core collet is related to the cutter positioning device. The sensor mounted in the paper core chuck records the pulse as the spool rotates. These pulse signals are not used to calculate the paper roll diameter. There is a sensor in each side of the cone. If one side of the sensor is damaged, the other side can be used immediately.
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