Rewinder mechanical structure and control process ---
Second, the main structure of the winder
2.2 Longitudinal section
In the mechanical system of the winder, the slitting mechanism is a very important part of the winder. In order to ensure a straight and smooth cutting edge, the quality control of the finished paper roll plays an important role in ensuring the volume. It is easy and can reduce the fluffing during printing. The slitting mechanism should be installed as close as possible to the paper roll so that it can produce a lateral movement more than necessary during the process of cutting the web without curling.
The high-speed rewinding paper conveying system is also very important in the application. The old-fashioned rewinding machine is mainly handled by manual. With the increase of the speed of the rewinding machine, the manual can no longer be processed. There are two ways to transport the paper side of the reel: fan direct pumping and venturi suction. The direct drawing type of the fan mainly uses a centrifugal fan, and the fan is placed under the floor. The inlet of the fan and the air duct near the longitudinal cutting edge are connected to each other, and the blade of the fan is also equipped with a wind blade. When the fan is sucked, it will be broken by the blade and then sent to the water pulper. However, since the edge of the paper has to pass through the inside of the fan, the blade transported by this type of paper is very worn and needs to be changed frequently. Venturi suction is also used in the high-pressure centrifugal fan, but the paper edge does not pass through the fan, directly the longitudinal cutting edge of the duct into the venturi pipe, the wind machine generates negative pressure in the venturi, and then the paper While washing the venturi tube and then feeding it to the water pulper, the paper edge conveyed at this time is continuous. The disadvantage of this method is that when the speed of the winder is relatively high, the power of the selected fan is large, which will increase the operation. Cost, increase loss.
Design and application of constant tension and load distribution control for winder---
2Rewinder control research status at home and abroad
Rewinding machine is an important papermaking machine. It is usually installed behind the paper machine. Its speed should be 2-3 times of the speed of the paper machine, generally 1500-1800m/min, up to 300om/min. When threading, run at a maximum speed of 1:100. In order to ensure continuous paper and loose paper during the rewinding process, the tension of the paper web must be kept constant; in order to ensure the tight and loose quality inside the finished paper, the load distribution of the front and rear bottom roller motors must be performed. Therefore, the main performance requirements of the rewinder for the electric drive system are long-term linear speed, adjustable speed and wide speed range, and fast response.
The control of the early rewinder is mainly based on DC drive, and the DC control system is composed of discrete components or analog regulators to realize the above control functions. Since the transmission of analog signals requires a one-to-one physical connection, the signal changes slowly, which increases the overhead of computer speed and accuracy, and the anti-interference ability of signal transmission is poor, and paper breakage and wrinkling often occur in the production process. So in the mid-to-late 1980s, the analog regulator was replaced by a digital regulator, and the DC digital control system of the winder appeared. This control system is more stable, reliable and suitable for maintenance than the analog system, and is more suitable for interface with the factory computer. In the mid-1990s, most of the newly-invested rewinders in the domestic paper industry used all-digital DC-speed converters produced abroad, and the more famous ones were the 6RA7O series from Siemens and the 590 series DC-speed converters from Continental Transmission.
Due to the DC motor commutator and the brush, under the stable conditions, the design speed of the winder can only reach 1800m/mni, and the accuracy of the digital regulator is still limited to about 0.08% of the maximum speed, which can not meet the high speed paper. The matching requirements of the machine (the speed of the winder should be 2-3 times the speed of the paper machine). In the early 1980s, European and Japanese developed AC variable frequency speed control devices. This technology was successfully introduced to the United States in the mid-1980s and used in rewinders. The biggest advantage of the AC drive is that the AC motor is simple in construction and reliable in operation, and it requires much less maintenance and repair than DC motors.
Belt rewinding machine design and working principle ---
Measure the diameter of the exit roller.
The diameter measuring sensor or the super-sonic sensor is fixed on the floor in the middle of the paper exit. The sensor measures the diameter of the reel as the reel becomes smaller in the rack position.
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