Introduction to slitting machine:
Slitting machine is a kind of mechanical equipment for slitting wide sheets of paper or film into a plurality of narrow-width materials, which are commonly used in papermaking machinery and printing and packaging machinery.
The traditional control scheme of the slitter is to use a large motor to drive the shaft of the rewinding and unwinding. A magnetic powder clutch is added to the reel and reel, and the resistance generated by the magnetic clutch is controlled to control the tension of the surface of the material. . Magnetic powder clutches and brakes are special automatic actuators that transmit torque through the magnetic powder filled in the working gap. The magnetic current can be changed to change the magnetic state of the magnetic powder, and then the transmitted torque can be adjusted. It can be used for stepless speed regulation from zero to synchronous speed. It is suitable for high speed section fine adjustment and medium and small power speed control system. It is also used to adjust the torque by adjusting the current to ensure an unwinding or rewinding tension control system with a constant tension during winding.
Tension information detection method
(1) Tension sensor detection method: It is a method of detecting the tension directly, closely combined with the machine, and without moving parts. Usually two sensors are paired and mounted on the end shafts on both sides of the detection guide roller.
(2) Roll diameter calculation type detection method: It uses the proximity switch installed at the reel to detect the rotation speed of the reel. Because the reel rotates once, the winding diameter will change twice the thickness of the material.
The current diameter of the reel is obtained by cumulative calculation by the initial value of the reel diameter and the material thickness, and the change of the corresponding reel diameter reflects the change of the actual tension value.
(3) Floating roller position detection mode: It uses the cylinder attached to the slitter to connect the floating roller to drive the angular displacement sensor to detect the tension change. When the tension is stable, the tension on the material is balanced with the cylinder force, so that the floating roller is in the center position. When the tension changes, the balance between the tension and the cylinder force is broken, and the position of the floating roller will rise or fall. At this time, the swing lever will rotate around a point and drive the floating roller angular displacement sensor to rotate together.
(4) Floating roller position + tension sensor combined tension detection mode: It can simultaneously detect the floating roller position signal output by the floating roller angular displacement sensor and the tension signal output by the tension sensor, thereby providing higher precision tension control to the system. .
Main way of tension control
The tension control method is generally divided into two types: open loop control mode and closed loop control mode. The open loop control is to directly drive the winding mechanism with an electric motor having a similar winding characteristic n = kD (n is the rotational speed, k is a constant, and D is the diameter of the winding roller) to obtain an approximate constant tension operation. The open loop control has poor randomness and low control precision. The closed loop tension control has two kinds of direct tension control and indirect tension control. In the actual production process, the volume is adjusted, that is, the tension is fed back, compared with the given tension, and then the difference is applied to the regulator to adjust the controlled object so that the output tension meets the actual demand. It is called direct tension closed-loop control. This method can eliminate the steady-state error without considering various compensations. The indirect tension control uses the motor speed-torque characteristic curve to control the torque to control the torque, so as to achieve the purpose of controlling the tension. This method requires dynamic and static compensation. Sometimes, in order to obtain more precise control performance, a composite tension control method is adopted, that is, the required control amount is first determined according to an indirect control algorithm, and various compensations are considered to make the indirect control as accurate as possible, and then the direct tension control is used for fine adjustment.
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